Categories: General
      Date: Jun 12, 2014
     Title: MIRCE Science Events

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9 March 2018: 10,00th Boeing 737 Produced

The Boeing Corporation today rolled out its 10,000th aircraft of the Boeing 737, short- to medium-haul workhorse type. The rollout is the huge e accomplishment for  its engineering and design teams that have shaped the 737 across more than 10 different versions, over the span of some 50 years. Over the decades, Boeing has revisited, revamped and re-energized the 737 program, introducing better fuel economics, state-of-the-art cockpit avionics and a (mostly) improved passenger experience. The 10,000th plane, 737 MAX 8, is destined for Southwest, a fitting customer for this achievement. Southwest, founded in 1967 (the same year the original 737-100 flew its first flight), operates the largest fleet of 737s of any carrier in the world. In fact, the airline has never purchased any other aircraft besides this trusty narrow-body. Southwest was even the launch customer of the 737NG — Boeing’s 1993 revamp of the 737 program, when it introduced the 737-600/700/800/900 types, complete with glass cockpits and modernized onboard equipment (like digital screens instead of analog indicators). Since taking delivery of its first 737 MAX last year, Southwest has more than a dozen in its fleet and plans to use the type on its highly anticipated routes to Hawaii.

6 March 2018: Second ex Singapore Airlines A380 Stored

Second Airbus A380, 9V-SKB, owned by Singapore Airlines, has been received by Tarmac Aerosave, a company specializing in aircraft storage, maintenance and dismantling, at its Tarbes, France facility for storage. The aircraft bears serial number MSN005. It entered service early in 2008 with Singapore Airlines, which has just returned it to its owner, German-based lessor Dr. Peters, on February 9.  It is being stored “in flight-ready condition,” while waiting for a new operator. Storage in flight-ready condition enables a return to service in two or three days but the aircraft will receive a new livery and a new cabin interior before it flies with a different airline.

18 February 2018: First Commercial Astronaut Training Program

Starfighters corporation  is attempting to create the first commercial astronaut training program for space tourists who hope to catch a ride to space in the future. For now, it offers a high performance training program that teaches pilots how to fly F-104 fighter jets. The company hopes to one day be part of a more comprehensive astronaut training program, and to play a central role in creating federal regulations for commercial astronaut training programs in the US. Currently SpaceX, Virgin Galactic, and Blue Origin declared ro rake tourists to space, but so far none of these companies has developed a real training program for their future clients beyond some rough outlines. NASA’s astronaut training program, on the other hand, takes years to complete and is limited to a handful of carefully selected astronaut candidates. Starfighters wants to make astronaut training available to any prospective space tourist who can pay. Originally developed by the US Air Force in the 50s and used into the late 1990s, the F-104 was the first aircraft able to sustain Mach 2 flight (twice the speed of sound, or around 1,500 miles per hour). It is also able to pull off the runway straight into a 90-degree turn, and can fly to altitudes of around 100,000 feet—about one-third of the way to space proper—making it ideal to simulate launch conditions on a rocket. For around $20,000 per flight, entrants into Starfighters’ program get a taste of what it will be like to ride on top of a SpaceX or Blue Origin rocket, such as the extreme G-forces and rapid acceleration of a rocket at takeoff, and even microgravity when the plane nose dives.

16 February 2018: Space Radiation on Earth

The constant flow of radiation in space includes cosmic rays, which, despite the name ‘ray’, comprises highly energetic particles arriving from beyond the Solar System. These rays are considered the main health hazard for astronauts conducting future exploration missions to the Moon, Mars and beyond. This phenomenon can also impact the functionability performance of sensitive spacecraft electronics, corrupting data, damaging circuits and degrading microchips. There are many different kinds of cosmic rays, and they can have very different effects on spacecraft and their occupants, depending on the types of particles, the particles’ energies and the duration of the exposure. A new international accelerator, the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR), now under construction near Darmstadt, Germany, at the existing GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research (GSI), will provide particle beams like the ones that exist in space and make them available to scientists for studies that will be used to increase the functionability of spacecraft by making them more robust and help humans survive the rigours of spaceflight. The researchers will be able to investigate how cells and human DNA are altered or damaged by exposure to cosmic radiation and how well microchips stand up to the extreme conditions in space. Source: The Universe in the Laboratory: ESA and FAIR form partnership for researching cosmic radiation

7 February 2018: MRJ Flight Testing Retires Main Risks

Two redesign efforts were required after the company realized in 2016 that vulnerability to under floor water ingress and to bomb damage could imperil the Mitsubishi Regional Jet’s ( MRJ’s) airworthiness certification. One change was a reshuffling of avionics in and between the forward and aft avionics bays, the design of which was completed in 2017. The other was changing wiring harnesses. For that, the architecture-level design is complete but detail design is not, the company says. Recently completed Flight Tests that include the extremes of weights and centre-of-gravity positions, buffet boundaries and performance in stalls “have shown that no flutter has been encountered when reaching design speeds”, Mitsubishi Aircraft reported. The company plans to add two aircraft to the flight-testing program to verify design changes prompted by a reassessment of certification requirements in late 2016. This will bring the flight-test fleet to the unusual total of seven aircraft, but the two additional units will be good candidates for later sales to customers. Four MRJs are flying, all at Moses Lake, Washington. They have been built to the design of the MRJ90 version, which is intended to seat 88 passengers in an all-economy configuration. Since mid-2017, the flight-test fleet has been used to verify performance with various weight loads and distributions, the points at which buffet is experienced and how the aircraft behaves in a stall. Other tests have evaluated the operation of the direct mode of the fly-by-wire system and specific fuel consumption of the Pratt & Whitney PW1200 engines, which has been as expected. When launched in 2008, the MRJ was due for delivery in late 2013. It has since been repeatedly delayed, usually because of some difficulty in complying with certification requirements.

6 February 2018:  Successful SpaceX Falcon Debut Test Flight

A long-awaited first test flight of a SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket started at from Kennedy Space Center’s Launch Complex 39, to validate the design of the triple-core first stage, side booster separations and an extended, six-hour coast of the second stage through the Van Allen radiation belts to deposit a simulated payload, Elon Musk’s sports car, into a heliospheric orbit. After 2 min. and 33 sec., the side boosters separated, leaving SpaceX mission control in much more familiar terrain, with a single-stick Falcon that burned for another 31 sec. These side boosters, which had been used on previous Falcon 9 missions, flipped around and headed back to landing pads at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, touching down in unison accompanied by a quartet of sonic booms. Meanwhile, the structurally reinforced center core separated from the upper stage and attempted to touch down on a drone ship floating about 300 mi. off of Florida’s east coast. The booster ran short of propellant however and was unable to restart its engines for a braking burn in the lower atmosphere. Instead, it hit  the ocean at a speed of 300 mph, narrowly missing the drone ship. The impact damaged two of the ship’s thrusters. The mission continued into the night, with the second stage completing a pair of engine burns and then coasting for six hours in a highly radioactive regime before restarting for a third time. The prolonged coast of the second stage was designed to dispatch SpaceX’s red Tesla roadster on a whimsical voyage around the Sun that reaches as far as Mars, company’s long-term goal.

6 February 2018: Boeing 777X Engine Flight Test Facing Delay

After the late discovery of a minor design issue with the new turbofan as well as maintenance-related problems with the CF6 engines powering the company’s 747-400 flying testbed, General Electric Aviation has been forced to delay first flight of the GE9X engine for Boeing’s 777X flagship program. The GE9X issue is related to the lever arms that actuate the rows of variable stator vanes (VSV) that modulate flow through the 11-stage high-pressure compressor (HPC). After analyzing the engine data, obtained during a demonstrator engine test late last year, the team decided that the lever arms for the VSVs need to be changed. Although no further details of the specific problem with the VSV arms have emerged, they are believed to be associated with the discovery of excessive loads on part of the design.  Being an external mechanism of the HPC case, it means GE is faced with developing a mechanical fix rather than far more serious issues concerning flows inside the engine. Also, some  maintenance issues with the CF6-80C2 were discovered during a routine A Check, which all 747-400s undergo every 600 hr. The findings are related to fan-case corrosion and limits on the HP turbine airfoils. The GE9X on the flying testbed is the fourth engine in the test program. The VSV arm issue came to light during runs of the second engine, which was used to demonstrate the performance conditions required to pass the official FAA 150-hr. block test later in 2018. During this intensive test, the engine was run at triple red-line conditions (maximum fan speed, maximum core speed and maximum exhaust gas temperature) to evaluate the engine at its operational limits. The third test engine is meanwhile undergoing crosswind evaluations at GE’s Peebles facility in Ohio. The fifth engine in the series (designated Engine 007), has been mounted in the company’s icing test facility in Winnipeg, Manitoba, where it is waiting for appropriate weather conditions to begin icing tests. Engines 005, 006 and 008 are currently under assembly. The initial flight-test engines for the first 777X will be shipped to Boeing later in 2018

29 January 2018: Putting Everyday Computer Parts to Cpace Radiation Test

There’s an increasing push to use more off-the-shelf parts in orbit because they are theoretically cheaper and more capable than space-designed parts, but there are question marks over their reliability. Hence, the ESA’s next mission, the miniature GomX-4B, includes a piggyback experiment to test how well everyday commercial computer memories perform in the radiation-soaked environment of space. It was built from six standard 10 cm CubeSat units by GomSpace in Denmark. The main goal is to test radio links between satellites and micro-propulsion, but GomX-4B also carryies a small, low cost secondary experiment: a single 10x10cm electronics board with 12 computer flash memories, made up of three examples of four different types, each purchased for a few Euros. Known as Chimera, this experiment will test how such ‘commercial-off-the-shelf’ parts cope with bombardments of high-energy electrically charged atomic particles from the Sun and deep space. A specially space-qualified monitoring chip will record the performance of the dozen memories. Charged particles can induce ‘bit flips’ in computer memory, introducing errors,  As different batches of the same part may have radically different reactions to charged particles, based on small variations in the raw materials or the manufacturing process, on this occasion three versions of each memory will be flown and tested. Each board was assembled by certified ESA engineers, with environmental testing for launch and space conditions using shaker tables and thermal–vacuum chambers. Terrestrial industry is becoming interested in such solutions as well. For large data centres using massive amount of memory, cosmic rays already set reliability limits. Such effects will also become a factor within chips for safety-critical applications, such as self-driving cars.  Source; ESA: Space Engineering & Technology 29.01.2018

23 January 2018: Google Lunar X Prize to End Without Winner

31st March 2018 was the completion date for the potencial Winner of the 30 million dollars Google Lunar X Prize, which was created for the best team in the contest to fly and operate a privately funded spacecraft on the Moon.  To win the Google Lunar X Prize, unveiled in 2007, a contender needed to land a spacecraft on the Moon; have it fly, drive or hop at least 500 meters (1,640 ft.); and relay high-resolution pictures and video back to Earth before March 31, a deadline that had been extended four times since the competition’s original 2012 end. As no such attempt has been made the Prize will stay unclaimed.  The contest was intended to spark commercial development of the Moon, in the same vein that the Ansari X Prize paved the way for Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic and its planned fleet of SpaceShipTwo commercial suborbital vehicles, the first of which is currently undergoing testing. The original $10 million X Prize, was won in October 2004 by Burt Rutan’s Scaled Composites and financier Paul Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft, for the first human spaceflights aboard a commercially developed, reusable vehicle.

18 January 2018: USAF’s Attempt To Solve Hypoxia Headache

The U.S. Air Force created a team to investigate the unexplained physiological episodes happening across the service’s fighter aircraft, after reports of hypoxia forced the service to ground portions of the A-10 Warthog, F-35A and T-6 Texan II trainer fleets last year.  In recent years the USAF pilots have reported varying rates of hypoxia-like cockpit episodes on the F-22 Raptor, the F-16 Fighting Falcon and F-15 Eagle. The goal of the Unexplained Physiological Episode integration team is to provide an enterprise-wide look at these incidents and ultimately recommend actions to reduce and, someday, prevent PEs altogether Traditionally pilots have been wary of coming forward with stories of PEs, for fear that they will be grounded. The action taken aims for a better understanding of PEs which in return will motivate more pilots to report such incidents.

11 January 2018: John Young (1930-2018)

John Young was perceived among his colleagues as an astronaut’s astronaut. During a flight career that spanned NASA’s Gemini, Apollo and space shuttle programs, he landed on the Moon, commanded the inaugural shuttle mission and became the first person to fly on six space missions. He also headed NASA’s astronaut office and was an outspoken advocate for astronaut safety. Young was named to NASA’s second group of astronauts in September 1962, along with Neil Armstrong, Frank Borman, Pete Conrad, Jim Lovell, James McDivitt, Elliot See, Tom Stafford and Ed White.
John Watts Young was born on Sept. 24, 1930, in San Francisco. As a child, with a family, he moved to Orlando (Florida). He attended the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, earning a Bachelor’s of Aeronautical Engineering degree in 1952. Upon graduation, he was commissioned as an ensign in the U.S. Navy becoming a captain in 1970. Young ultimately logged more than 3,700 hr. flying time, including more than 3,100 hr. in jet aircraft. He spent a total of 34 days, 19 hr. and 39 min. flying in space, including 20 hr. and 14 min. walking on the Moon. In his memoir (2012), he wrote, “ Whenever and wherever I found a potential safety issue, I always did my utmost to make some noise about it, by memo or whatever means might best bring attention to it,”

7 January 2018: Delayed SpaceX Falcon Sends Payload into Orbit

The mission, known as Zuma, had been delayed since November so engineers could review a potential issue with the payload fairing. SpaceX last month proceeded with the launch of a Dragon cargo capsule to the International Space Station for NASA. A SpaceX Falcon 9 took off from Cape Canaveral to put a classified spacecraft into orbit for an undisclosed U.S. government agency. After blasting off at 8 p.m. EST toward low-Earth orbit, the Falcon 9’s first stage flipped around and flew back to the launch site, settling down on a landing pad eight minutes after liftoff. This is the first of some 30 launches on SpaceX’s manifest for 2018. Today’s flight clears the launch team to focus on the long-awaited static test fire of the new, triple-core Falcon Heavy. The booster, which will be the most powerful U.S. rocket to launch since the Apollo-era Saturn 5, is scheduled for a test flight before the end of the month from Launch Complex 39A at Kennedy Space Center.

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30 November 2017: Mobile App For Light Maintenance
29 November 2017: USAF Grounds T-6 Trainers After Hypoxia-Like Events
20 November 2017: SpaceX Classified Zuma Launch Delayed Until At Least December
13 November 2017: First Singapore Airlines Airbus A380 Now In Storage
31 October 2017: Broken F-35 Parts Take Six Months To Fix, Government Accountability Office Finds
18 September 2017: Golf Ball Sized Hailstones force EasyJet Flight into Emergency Landing
15th August 2017: Tracking a solar eruption through the Solar System
18 June 2017: Malfunction of a Chinese Satellite
18 June 2017:  SpaceX Postponed the Launch of a Bulgarian Communications Satellite
1 June 2017: United Faces Penalty for operating an airworthy B787
29 May 2017: British Airways’ IT Meltdown
29 May 2017: Irkut MC-21 Makes First Flight
8 March 2017: Elevator Malfunctions In MD-83’s Rejected Takeoff
22 February 2017: GPS Sensors Data For Forecasting Dangerous Solar Storms
19 February 2017: SpaceX Launches Tenth ISS Resupply Mission
26 January 2017: Simplified Technical English – “Revolutionary” Issue 7
24 January 2017: Lights-Out Error Instigated Southwest Accident at the Nashville International Airport
16 January 2017: Turkish Boeing 747-400 freighter crashed into a village near Manas airport in Kyrgyzstan
14 January 2017: SpaceX Returns To Flight by Deploying Iridium Satellites
9th January 2017: SpaceX delays Launch due to Bad Weather

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25 December 2016: Hard Landing of Wings Air ATR 72-600 in Indonesia
24 November 2016: The Birth of Airbus 350-1000
2 November 2016: Weather scrubs SpaceShipTwo glide flight test
2 November 2016: Uncertain American CF6 Failure Cause
1 November 2014: USAF KC-10 Tanker Loses Refueling Boom In Flight
17 October 2016: Two Chinese Two Astronauts Launched to  New Mini-Station
4 October 2016: Failed Airbus A320 Actuator Incident Debated By Safety Agencies
4 October 2016: Human Error Behind Air Asia X Diversion
1 October 2016: Difficulties With Fume Investigations of  Ryanair's Boeing 737
30 September 2016: Rosseta's Journey Ends by Controlled Descent to Comet
13 September 2016: metal Fatigue Caused the Uncontained Left Engine Failure
6 September 2016: Confusion Over Power Setting Key Factor In Emirates Crash
5 September 2016 Philae Found!
1 September 2016: SpaceX Pad Explosio
1 September 2016: ANA To Replace Turbine Blades On RR Trent 1000 Engines on 787s
30 August 2016: Joe Sutter, “Father of the B747” Died at 95
28 August 2016:  6 Boeing 787 Grounded for Rolls Royce Engines Inspections
27 August 2016: Power plant’s inlet cowl detached in midair of Boeing 737-700
8 August 2016: Passengers stranded after Delta flights grounded worldwide
3 August 2016: Emirates B777 at Dubai landed with Gear Retracted
7 July 2016: Oil System Flaw Caused PW1524G Engine Uncontained Failure
10 June 2016: No ‘Common Thread’ In F-18 Weapons Mishaps
18 May 2016: Disappearance of the Airbus A320 over Mediterranean Sea
15 May 2016: Smoke event involving Airbus A380
17 April 2016: Smoke and fumes event involving Boeing 787, N36962
7 April 2016: Unseen Blast Injuries to the Brain Trauma
19 march 2016: FlyDubai Flight FZ981 Crash Landing Killing 62 People on the Board
1 March 2016: Airbus Fixes for A320neo False Alarms & PW1100G
28 February 2016: SpaceX aborts SES-9 Launch
22 February 2016:  Prohibition of Transport of Lithium-ion Batteries on Passenger Aircraft
29 January 2016: Two Incidents by South Korean Low-Cost-Carriers
17 January 2016: Boeing tanker KC-46 passes first midair refueling test
17 January 2016: Falcon 9 Launches Jason-3 Satellite, but Fails the Landing Attempt
12 January 2016: Philae lander fails to respond to last-ditch efforts to wake it up
4 January 2016: Andre Turcat, Captain On Concorde’s First Flight Dies, at 94

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31 December 2015: Rat on Plane Forces Air India Flight to Return to Mumbai
14 December 2015: A member of Air India's ground crew "sucked" into an Aircraft Engine
9 December 2015: HondaJet given final FAA approval
2 December 2015: Boeing Completed 5 year Fatigue Tests on 787 Airframe
1st December 2015: AirAsia Flight QZ850 Crash Partly due to Faulty Equipment
30 November 2015: Boeing Ends C-17 Production in California
7 November 2015: Airbus A321 In-flight Break-Up in Egypt
1st October 2015: Airbus Replaces First A320neo Test-Aircraft Engine
8 September 2015:  British Airways Boeing 777 Fire Incident in Las Vegas
19 August 2015: Investigators found cause of Ethiopian B787 Fire
16 August 2015: Indonesia’s Trigana Air, ATR 42 Crashed
12 August 2015: American Airlines Repaired Hail-damaged B787
30 July 2015: Dubai Airport Planning Camera-based Debris Detection
29 July 2015: Hail Damaged Boeing 787 returns back to China
22 July 2015: Soyuz Spacecraft with Crew Arrived to ISS
8 July 2015: United Airlines experienced Nation-wide Grounding
5 July 2015: Russian Resupply Spacecraft Docks at ISS
30 June 2015: Man Commits Suicide in Japan Bullet Train
28 June 2015: Space X Falcon 9 exploded after the Launch
15 June 2015: Heavy Fumes in Cabin Force Passengers Out on Wing
11 June 2015: Three ISS Astronauts Safely Landed
1 June 2015: Airbus A310 Prototype Retires After 33 Years
29 May 2015: A400M Crashed by Incorrectly Installed Engine Software
29 May 2015: Falsified Records for Used CFM56 Engine Blades
28 May 2015: Physical Remodelling of International Space Station
25 May 2015: Double Engine Failure of Airbus A330
12 May 2015: 4 hour delays due Transportation Security Administration agents having gone home
10 May 2015: Alonso brake issues caused by visor tear-off
10 May 2015: MA60 Wing Detaches in Runway Excursion
9 May 2015: Airbus A400M Crashes During Test Flight in Spain
30 April 2015: Bird Strike During Flight-test of Airbus A320neo
29 April 2015: Failure of Russian Space Station Resupply Mission
16 April 2015: Throttle Valve Checks after Flawed Falcon 9 Recovery Attempt
6 April 2015: First Great Western train driver takes wrong train & goes wrong way
29 March 2015: Air Canada A320 skidded upon Landing at Halifax
27 March 2015:  American and Russian Astronauts Reach ISS for One Year Stay
24 March 2015: Germanwings A320 Reached Ugly State in French Alps
24 March 2015:  Near Loss of U.K. A330 due to Positioning of Captain’s Personal Camera
23 March 2015:Engineering Judgment Key in 757 Forced Landing In Antarctica
19 March 2015: Lufthansa Technik’s Robot-based Inspection of Engine Components
18 March 2015: 50 Years of Spacewalks
12 March 2015 British Airways Flight Turned Around Because of 'Smelly Poo'
8 March 2015: Troublesome Landing at Bangalore Airport, India
5 March 2015: Crash of Delta 1086 at LaGuardia  Airport, New York, USA
4 March 2015: Turkish Airline jet skidded in Nepal
4 March 2015: ESA experts assess risk from exploded USAF weather satellite
3 March 2015: Alonso to Miss Australian GP on medical advice
2 March 2015: USAF Weather Satellite Explodes After Thermal Spike
1 March 2015: ISS Docking Port Antenna Installations Completed
19 February 2015: NASA delays space station spacewalk because of suit issue
26 January 2015: Airlines Cancelled 1,900 U.S. Flights as Storm Hits Northeast
16 Januray 2015: Beagle-2 lander found on Mars
15 January 2015: Fals Alarm Caused Evacuation of Astronauts in ISS
14 January: Astronauts Forced to Abandon Part of ISS
12 January: SpaceX Dragon Resupply Capsule Grappled by ISS Astronauts
5 January: Technical problem scrubbed a launch of SpaceX to ISS
1 January 2015 - Space Station Celebrates New Year 16 Times

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28 December 2014 – AirAsia Airbus A320 crashes in the Java Sea
22 December 2014 - First Delivery of Airbus A350
8 December 2014: Light Jet Crashed near the airport in Washington D.C. Area
5 December 2014: NASA's Orion Spaceship Completed First Test Flight
12 November 2014: Human made Craft landed on Comet
31 October 2014: Virgin Galactiic's Accident
29 October 2014:  Orbital Sciences Antares rocket blew up 10 seconds after liftoff
23 October 2014: SpaceX Dragon capsule's return delayed due to heavy seas
22 October 2014:  218 minutes of Functionability Actions on the International Space Station
18 October 2014: Mitsubishi launches the first Regional Jet
17 October 2014: Spaceplain X-37B landed after a record-setting 675 days in orbit
16 October 2014: Solar Power Channel Repair of the International Space Station
6 August 2014: Europe’s Rosetta Mission First to Rendezvous with Comet
25 July 2014:  MD-83 Wreckage Found in Mali
17 July 2014: Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 Shot Down
14 July 2014: Cause of Fire on Board of F-35A
July 2014: Boeing delivers 1500th Jumbo Jet
30 June 2014: Managing Complexity
23 June 2014: Fire on Board of F-35A
16 June 2014:  Pilot’s Error in Gulfstream’s Hanscom Crash
12 June 2014 - Unfavorable Winds Delay Test Flight of NASA's Low-Density Supersonic Demonstrator
10 June 2014 - Smoke in Russian Module of the International Space Station
17 January 2014: Wrong-Runway Landings of B737

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